Wages in Tatarstan increased despite pandemic – RealnoeVremya.com
Review of Realnoe Vremya on the amount of average salaries in enterprises and organizations of the republic
This year, the average salary in Tatarstan increased by 11% and amounted to 42,121.7 rubles. Tatarstan’s statistical service has so far only released these data for five months, from January to May. As Realnoe Vremya found out, higher wages were recorded in all types of economic activity. Read in our report who has seen the biggest increase, which specialists are earning more than the rest, and who are barely making ends meet.
The lowest wages in the hotel and catering industry
The average monthly salary of workers in organizations of the republic, including small enterprises, according to the Statistics Service of Tatarstan from January to May, reached 42,121.7 rubles. Compared to the salary of the analogous period of last year (37,896.6 rubles), it is 11.1% more.
One would think that this increase has occurred due to the weak five-month base of the pandemic in 2020. But compared to the pre-COVID-19 period (35,862 8 rubles in January-May 2019), the growth is much larger – 17, 5%.
If we study the data on wages in types of economic activity, we can notice that specialists working in hotel and public catering earn the lowest salary in Tatarstan, barely 26,582 rubles. Despite the annual growth of 13.7% (from 23,369 rubles), the ratio to the average Republican salary is only 63.1%.
The head of GMC Consulting Galina Mashtakova considers the fact that the number of graduates exceeds the number of vacancies as the reason for the low salaries in these fields:
“You have to be content with a position below your skills to start evolving in this profession. The activity of hotels and restaurants is directly linked to the level of the establishment and the city in which it is located. From now on, it is more profitable to open low-cost establishments for better circulation, which consequently affects the income of employees. How to increase the salary? Raise the level of organization, quality of service and prices.
“A person without a diploma can work as a waiter. Take the cook, this already requires a university degree. However, any restaurant will have more waiters than cooks, and of course that will influence average salaries. I think this moment influences here quite seriously because a lot of unqualified specialists are employed in these sectors.
At the same time, Osipova believes that this sphere has probably recovered after the corona crisis: “According to our data, in the first seven months of this year (January-July inclusive), the number of vacancies in tourism, hotels and restaurants in Tatarstan increased. 150% compared to January-July 2020, i.e. the number of vacant positions is almost 2.5 times higher.
“We see that the demand for personnel is increasing quite sharply here, we need people, businesses are developing,” said the interlocutor of the newspaper.
According to her, the difficulties related to border crossing have drawn the attention of the Russians to domestic tourism. While Tatarstan is a fairly attractive region from this point of view. This has had a positive impact on the development of tourism and related jobs.
The salaries of specialists working in agriculture, forestry, hunting, fishing and fish farming are somewhat higher. Here, the average wages are 28,640 rubles, or 68% of the average salary of the republic. During the year, the income of representatives of these sectors increased by almost 4,000 rubles, or 16.9% (compared to 24,5050 rubles).
Strange as it may sound, those who work with real estate also occupy the lowest paying jobs, at least according to official statistics. Specialists of Tatarstan in this field receive on average 29,864 rubles, or 70.9% of the average of the republic. The annual growth is about 5.6% (28,267 rubles).
The highest wages in science and mineral production
Specialists who do scientific research and development have the highest salary in Tatarstan (66,171 rubles). During the year, their income increased by 5,400 rubles (or 8.9%). In general, the salary is more than 1.5 times higher than the average salary in the republic (157.1%). Scientists outnumber petroleum workers in this indicator.
Workers producing minerals with a salary of 65,881 rubles (156.4% of the average salary in Tatarstan) have the second highest salary. Their income has increased by 9.4% in the past year (from 60,207 rubles).
Information and communication specialists (61,820 rubles) round out the top 3 of the highest paying jobs. They receive 146.8% of the average salary in Tatarstan. During the year, these specialists saw their salaries increase by 20% (+10,400 rubles). Over the past two years, the increase has been a third (33.6% against 46,257 rubles).
According to the Tatarstan Statistics Service, wages have increased in all industries. However, not everyone agrees. Anna Osipova therefore believes that the salaries of the vacant positions offered have in fact not changed since the beginning of the year. In January, the salary, she said, was 42,000 rubles, in July it was 43,000:
“These are average numbers. In general, it can be said that wages in the region remain at a level. If we look at last year, we can say that salaries have not changed in general. In January 2020, the average salary was 42,000 rubles. Salaries have been in this range for a year and a half (41,000 to 43,000 rubles).
However, the level of expected wages, in his opinion, increased. In January 2020, the expected salary was 36,000 rubles on average, 38,000 rubles in January 2021, 39,000 rubles in July:
“The expected salary is what job seekers mention in their CVs. There are not that many job seekers in the market and employers have to fight for good specialists. People who enter the workforce see that they have a choice, and this influences the salary they ask for.
“The salary is the lowest part, while the reward is over 60% of the salary. It is suggested to be related to remote work and the instability of the amount of work.
Production, industry and IT are promising areas
Mashtakova singled out the production among the promising areas. Expert says working from home will definitely stay for jobs that may be far from the organization and have a clear reporting system (sales, accounting, analytics, marketing).
Anna Osipova named information technology among the promising areas: “It is an area that penetrates all sectors. Today, not only IT companies, but also the retail business need programmers. Food distribution is very actively recruiting programmers. Also, she considers that medicine and pharmacy are promising:
“We pay a lot of attention to them, there is a huge shortage of personnel in these areas. There aren’t many job seekers here. Private medicine is also growing and actively recruiting people.
Also, she says, there is a demand for specialists from another sphere: “Now that we see the interest in domestic tourism, the number of vacancies is increasing. The number of tourist establishments employing people is increasing. The sphere is quite interesting today, especially in a region like Tatarstan. The situation with data analysis is the same:
“A lot of jobs related to this are popping up today. Companies start to work with the data they accumulate (data on customers, processes). And specialists who analyze this data are wanted. In general, all jobs develop intensely, transform, something new appears in them. The labor market is developing in all areas, ”Osipova concluded.